Asthma is a chronic illness of the lungs, where the airways tighten and causes problems breathing. It is caused by allergies and irritants inhaled. When this happens the musculature around the airways cramps and mucus i produced in in the lungs in an increased grade. This together make it hard for the person having asthma to breathe. It feels like the lungs shrinks, and one get trouble breathing.
In Norway about 20% of children got asthma, about 5 % of the adults got asthma. If both the mother and the father got asthma then the child are in 50 % higher risk of developing asthma. More and more of the population get asthma. Smoking during pregnancy and the first years of life increases the risk for children to get asthma. The environment is very important for if the children and also if adults develop asthma.
Colds, cold temperatures, wet weather, mist, and wet damages, and allergies and irritants are some of what causes asthma. Irritants can be just anything, it depends on what the person having asthma is sensitive against. Asthma can be inherited, but do not have to be inherited. Even people with parents without allergies and asthma can develop asthma. During evening, night and in the mornings asthma can be worse.
Exercise is good for a person having asthma, but can also be what give an asthma attack and breathing problems. An asthmatic person need to exercise in its own pace.
An asthma that is not right treated with medicine and staying away from irritants can develop into COPD (KOL/KOLS).
People that smoke and got asthma often do not have the same benefit from the asthma medicines provided as those who do not smoke. Active smoking and passive smoking worsen asthma.
Hormone changes and pregnancy can worsen asthma.
Psychological stress can worsen asthma.
It is very important to be in control of your asthma. Control you gain by taking your medicines daily as prescribed, stay away from what make your asthma break out, and see to that you get fresh air.
It is important to use medicines even more when having a cold, because a cold can worsen your asthma.
No medicines can cure asthma. Medicines available reduces the symptoms and effect of the illness. But even when taking the medicines a person can get sick if not being careful, and if not staying away from what make the asthma break out.
Asthma is an invisible handicap, and it can cause trouble for a person working in surtant environments. Those work environments can be kitchen, welding halls, factory, cleaning, car repair garages, or any environment where the person is subjected to pollution of the air.