Segregation between the sexes
Today I took the time of learning a bit more about female cultural segregational clothing. I am very interested in learning about history, cultures and other people’s way of living. I thought I should share it here with you.
Purdah or Pardaa (from Persian: پرده, meaning “curtain”) is the practice of concealing women from men. According to one definition:
- Purdah is a curtain which makes sharp separation between the world of man and that of a woman, between the community as a whole and the family which is its heart, between the street and the home, the public and the private, just as it sharply separates society and the individual.
This takes two forms: physical segregation of the sexes, and the requirement for women to cover their bodies and conceal their form. Purdah exists in various forms in the Islamic world and among Hindu women in parts of India.
This segregational issues is taken even further than only clothing, and women many places are not allowed to leave the house without their father, brother, cousin, husband or other male relative. They are not allowed to go to school, work, meet in groups, or in any way blend with the opposite sex.
“Rules regarding Muslim women’s (and men’s) attire are derived from the Quran, Islam’s revealed text, and the traditions (hadith) of the Prophet Muhammad. In the Quran, states:
[Chapter 24, verses 30-31] “Say to the believing men that they should lower their gaze and guard their modesty… And say to the believing women that they should lower their gaze and guard their modesty; that they should not display their beauty and adornments except what (must ordinarily) appear thereof; that they should draw their veils over their bosoms and not display their beauty except to their husbands, their fathers…(a list of exceptions)”
[Chapter 33, verse 59] “O Prophet! Tell thy wives and daughters, and the believing women, that they should cast their outer garments over their persons…that they should be known and not molested.”
There are similar, yet less obvious requirements for a Muslim male’s attire.
1) A Muslim man must always be covered from the navel to the knees.
2) A Muslim man should similarly not wear tight, sheer, revealing, or eye-catching clothing. In addition, a Muslim man is prohibited from wearing silk clothing (except for medical reasons) or gold jewelry. A Muslim woman may wear silk or gold.”
Some say it is a free choise to use these way of dressing, other say it is important.
The different female garments
The burqa is a long garment, covering the entire body, with only a cloth grid allowing the wearer to see out.
A burqa, burkha, burka or burqua from Arabic: برقع burqu’ or burqa’ ) is an all covering outer garment worn by women in some Islamic traditions to cover their bodies in public places. The burqa is the woman’s loose body-covering ( jilbāb), plus the head-covering (ḥijāb), plus the face-veil (niqāb). The face-veil portion is usually a rectangular piece of semi-transparent cloth. The top side is sewn to the head-scarf. In other cases, the niqāb part can be a side-attached cloth that covers the face below the eyes’ region.
An early record of this dress was made during the British exploration of Afghanistan in the First Anglo-Afghan War. During the Taliban regime in the 1990s all women in Afghanistan were forced to wear the burqa in public places. Reports from 2008 stated that many Afghan women were still unable to leave their homes without wearing the burqa, more than six years after the end of the Taliban regime.
A fatwa, written by Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid on the Saudi Arabian website Islam QA, states:
“The correct view as indicated by the evidence is that the woman’s face is ‘awrah which must be covered. It is the most tempting part of her body, because what people look at most is the face, so the face is the greatest ‘awrah * of a woman.”
* Awrah or aurat (arabic: عورة) is an Islamic term that indicates which parts of the body to be treated as private and to be covered by clothing. Which parts of the body which is considered awrah is different for men and women and for children and adults, but there is also a variation between different Muslim orientations. The term awrah is derived from the root ‘AWR which means “flaw”, “imperfection” or “weakness”. The most common translation is, however, “nudity”.
Enveloping outer garments, such as the burqa, are believed to cause or worsen medical conditions in some individuals. In particular, they contribute to a predisposition for hypovitaminosis D, which can lead to rickets or osteoporosis and may increase the risk of seizures in infants born to affected mothers.
A burqa is extremely hot to wear and this produces a bad odor inside. Wearers may feel claustrophobic and are at higher risk for asthma (!). Dust kicked up from the streets sticks to the cloth in front of the mouth that becomes damp from breathing, leading to a sense of suffocation in stale air. It is also known that vitamine D is important for asthmatics and also fresh air is imptortant. A Burqua is restricting the flow of fresh air and harvest a lot of dust that is breathed in. Vitamin D one get from being in the sun, and if covering all the body no sun hits the skin and no vitamin D is produced.
The mesh opening severely restricts one’s range of vision and is said to be like wearing horse blinders. Consequently, women wearing the burqa often have difficulty even seeing where they are going.
HASSAN AMMAR with The Associated Press have made an investigating article on how it is to wear a burqua and how the world looks like from inside it.
The screenshot of the Huffington Post article show how it looks like from inside a burqua. It must be a downer to not be able to see the beautiful weather and nature in the world without visual hindering.
Read the article here
Behind The veil: A View From Underneath The Veil Worn By Some Muslim Women
It is impossible to tell whether a woman wearing a burqa is smiling or crying or showing any other emotion. Women say that this leads to a feeling of being completely invisible.
Other restricting garments:
The abaya “cloak” (Arabic: عباية ʿabāyah or عباءة ʿabā’ah) is long over garment essentially a robe-like dress, in parts of the Islamic world. It is Arabic cultural dress integrated with the hijab. Countries of the Arabian peninsula such as Saudi Arabia or United Arab Emirates, where it is the national dress. Traditional abayat are black and may be either a large square of fabric draped from the shoulders or head or a long caftan. The abaya covers the whole body except the face, feet, and hands. It can be worn with the niqāb, a face veil covering all but the eyes, and sometimes also long black gloves, so their hands are covered as well.
A chādor or chādar is an outer garment or open cloak worn by many Iranian women in public places. A chador is a full-body-length semicircle of fabric split open down the front, with a head-hole in the top. This cloth is tossed over the woman’s head, but then she holds it closed in the front. The chador has no hand openings, or any buttons, clasps, et cetera, but rather it is held closed by her hands or by wrapping the ends snugly around her waist.
The word “hijab” or “ḥijāb” (Arabic: حجاب hijaab) refers to the head covering traditionally worn by Muslim women. The Arabic word literally means curtain or cover. Most Islamic legal systems define this type dressing as covering everything except the face and hands in public. According to Islamic scholarship, hijab is given the wider meaning of modesty, privacy, and morality.
A veil is an article of clothing, worn almost exclusively by women, that is intended to cover some part of the head or face.
A boshiya (also called a bushiyyah or ghatwa) is a Middle Eastern- and specifically Persian Gulf-style full faced black veil which covers the wearer’s face completely with no openings for the eyes and is traditionally worn with an abaya or other overgarment. It is essentially a large square of thin cotton that ties in the back.
The niqab is most common in the Arab countries of the Arabian Peninsula such as Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Bahrain, Kuwait, Qatar, Oman, and the UAE. It is also common in Pakistan and some parts of India.
Like the niqab the yashmak, yashmac or yasmak (from Turkish yaşmak, meaning “to cover, hide”) is a Turkish type of veil or niqab to cover the face in public. Unlike an ordinary veil, a yashmak contains a head-veil and a face-veil in one, made of two pieces of fine muslin, one tied across the face under the nose, and the other tied across the forehead draping the head. Yashmak can also contain a piece of black horsehair attached close to the temples and sloping down like an awning to cover the face, or it can be a veil covered with pieces of lace, having slits for the eyes, tied behind the head by strings and sometimes supported over the nose by a small piece of gold.
A burqini (or burkini) swimsuit is a type of swimsuit for women. The suit covers the whole body except the face, the hands and the feet. It looks rather like a full-length wetsuit with built-in hood, but somewhat looser and made of swimsuit material instead of rubber. There are other styles of Islamic swimwear such as the veilkini and mycozzie.
The veilkini is an Islamic swimsuit similar in style to the Burkini (also spelled burqini). It consists of a pair of pants and a long-sleeved tunic type shirt with a hood attached. The pieces are tied to together. This feature prevents the shirt from riding up in the water. Additionally, it has a drawstring at the ankles so the pant legs do not ride up as well. It is constructed of a blend of polyester and spandex, and covers the entire body excluding hands, feet, and face.
Wikipedia. I do not take credit for any of this information. Visit www.wikipedia.com to learn more.
My point of view
Personally I think this segregation thing is crap. You do not become a better person because you wear more clothes. What kind of person you are comes from within. One should put more effort in working with oneself in issues to be a better person, not locking the opposite sex inside a tent or other kind of garment. Actually in a perfect world a woman should be so respected that she would be able to walk naked in the street without being harassed, violated, abused or raped, and that is the men’s responsibility. A violator of women is always responsible for HIS actions, not the woman.
Reading about the “Quran [Chapter 24, verses 30-31] saying women should cover themselves to not be molested”
This aggravates me. It is really disturbing. Any woman should be able to walk anywhere, dressing in any way they want without being molested. It is any mans responsibility to not violate, molest or harm any woman. And women is molested all over the world even though they are covered from head to toe or not. The whole responsibility for such violence, rape, molesting is with the men. To lay all the responsibility on the women is pityful looking at men. Men should be so bright in their heads that they understand to respect the privacy of any woman, wether dressed fully or not. It comes from within how good of a person your are, and that is every male persons responsibility to develop in respect for all women in the world no matter what way they are dressed.
Then one can of course discuss if all the ways of dressing in the modern western world are the best. Not to be a prude, but sometimes I think women should at least cover their butt and not go out in short skirts so short you can see their bums, or see-through so one can se the tits or what ever. Sometimes I wonder if some people do not see how they look like they are walking in town only wearing a long shirt and stockings, and no trousers or skirt. Fashion 2010 was like that. And all too often one was forced seeing the view of girls behinds walking in the streets. 2010 was the year of short knitted “dresses” not longer than a long shirt, and often one was subjected to have to see their underwear and stockings and bare buts because the “dress” wandered up when walking. Fashion like that ladies and gentlemen I think is to take it to far on the other end of dressing scale. But one do not have to be extreme the other way like in the muslim world either.
Personally I am not interested in seeing any persons private parts, male or female, when I go out. Women should dress nicely, and I think even men should at least have a t-shirt on in addition to nice trousers when going out, going to city, taking the bus, train or what ever. It is possible to dress nicely without being extreme any direction.
It is a bit amazing that in the muslim world a male can show their features woman can not. Do they believe women got no sense of getting attracted? In all fareness looking at the muslim rules, then men should cover their whole body but the hands and face too. Are they so naive that they believe women do not get attracted? I have seen several muslim men who dress very sexy, and also with gold, and it do not seam to bother them, while their women are dressed covered from head to toe. Double standards if you ask me.
About modesty: Modesty is something you carry within. It is fully possible to dress in western modern style and be modest within.
And talking about Burqa and other such garments. It must be hard for women using it to make new friends. Just imagine you are out shopping or at a cafe (if you are even allowed to) and there you meet other women all dressed in tents. You talk to people but you do not even know what they look like, if they smile or who they are. And if you got friends and go shopping and you meet them at the store, how would you ever know who to say hello to? Wearing a burka or other such garment you can not possibly see your friend! It must sure be isolating.
And being hiding under such a garment unable to have a full vision is not acceptable. It must be a hinder to function. Just imagine reading, having to look at the world through a net, being unable to see to the sides, unable move freely, unable to rude a bike, a hindered vision also unable to drive safely and more.
Muslims can be muslims, it is not banned, but when those muslims pulling their believes over others heads like a bag, I do not like it. Many muslims scream for acceptance, respect and others to adjust to them. But then you must see that you have also to adjust to others and respect their belives and ways. Do not come to other countries and demand those living their to be like you and change their world to be like the one you ran from. Show some respect.
Personally I think wearing burqua, niqab or any other kind I found vail is inpolite. I do not like talking to people I can not see, I like to see who I am talking to. It is also anti-social. It hinders the natural communication, one can not see if the person behind the burqua or niqab (veil) get sad, disturbed, or glad from what one says. Is this person kind, angry, agressive, nice, a lier, true or what? Who is this person? Ont can not tell. In total. Not acceptable.
And you do not see men having to wear such garments. Where is the equality in that?
Well, that is my point of view.Source: I do not take credit for the photos in this blog entry. Img borrowed from internet and linked from other sites.