When you read or hear about asthma you are told asthma is in the airways. Many believes it is therefore in the throat since that is what most people know as the airways. They therefore deny it is in the lungs. But asthma is located in the lungs. You have upper airways (mouth, nasal cavity, pharynx and larynx) and lower airways (trachea, bronchi, bronchiole, alveoli) that is in the lung, then lung tissue, blood veins, muscles a.s.o. In the lungs that looks almost like a sponge with small pipes air and oxygen is transported. Those pipes are air-ways called Bronchi and out from them springs the even smaller ones called Bronchiole and in the end of those the Alveoli is located. The Alveoli is connected to the blood stream of the body, oxygen is going in to the blood, and the blood transports the oxygen to the rest of the body including the brain, liver, kidneys, muscles and so on.
Asthmatics need oxygen too. Air is breathed in through the mouth and nose and goes through the wind-pipe to the lungs. When the air/oxygen arrive to the lungs it is first transported to the bronchi and over into the bronchiole which then transport the air/oxygen further to the alveoli that is the last stop in the lungs before the oxygen is transported to the rest of the organs in the body including your brain.
An asthma attack can be started by several things, either something a person is allergic to airborne og eaten, or things that simply irritate the lungs airways.
The bronchiole in an asthmatic person narrows (see image) when subjected to perfume, smoke, dust, exhaust or other things the person having asthma get sick from. When the bronchiole’s narrows it hinder air to get through to the alveoli, the lung tissue gets to little air and oxygen, and the person get hard to breathe or what we call an asthma attack. When breathing fresh air with no pollution, irritants or allergens in the air breathed in, the asthmatic person usually can breathe rather normally. Note that food allergies can also be airborne. When a person having an asthma attack get all tight lungs then it is the bronchiole that get inflamed and cramp, and the asthmatic person can not breathe. Therefore oxygen can not be transported to the rest of the body and organs. If not helped and the person having asthma do not get to breathe normally again the person can in worst case suffocate and die. The help needed is to get away from irritants and allergens that make the person sick, and also to give medicine at once. If the person do not get better, or are fading away, the person should be brought to the Emergency Room to get stronger medicine.
The lungs also transport oxygen to the rest of the body including your brain. If you are careless with your lungs it can end up bad for you. Your lungs are designed for fresh air, not smoke, perfume or any other pollution.
Just a little knowledge shared from me to you.
Hva er astma? What is Asthma?
Asthma – What is?
Educational image on asthma
Asthma treatment – PEF, Peak flow, Optichamber, asthma medicine
Optichamber mask + AeronebGo nebulizer
Optichamber Inhalation chamber and how to make best use of your medicine
Have a nice day.