The movie Arn got winds of true history in it, and part is fiction.
I love the movie Arn, and have seen both part 1 and part 2, so this seeing this tv version is rerun. :)
But honestly it seems that writer and film maker has allowed themselves some freedom from the history when they made this movie. Among other things Chamsiin, the horse, must have been terribly old in 1199.
This movie is based on real historical events and people aside from Arn and Cecilia and their kids (and some more).
Video Source: Youtube.com
“The Catholic headquarters for northern Europe in Bremen Germany wanted to gain influence in Scandinavia. Therefore it sent out missionaries. The Orthodox Faith ideas did reached candinavia, but from the east, and missionaries and bishops also came here from the British Isles. some real results, it was not really until the late 900s and most of 1000 century. Then managed to get the churchmen powerful in society to be baptized, build churches and install bishops. Practicing missionary in Sweden was The missionary Ansgar who preached at Birka.” This was in the Iron age.
“King Sverker (the Elder) (from the red team in the movie) lived at Alvastra where he donated land to Sweden’s first monastery. It was inaugurated on June 6, 1143. Sverker was murdered on Christmas eve year 1156 on the way Christmas church mass King Sverker Karlsson reigned from 1195 to 1196 – 1208.”
“More than half of the Swedish farmers owned own their land and farm. They paid only taxes directly to the king and was called “odalbönder” or a yeoman. To be a yeoman you must have inherited your soil for several generations. The other kind of farmers were using land owned by the nobility. They paid lease (rental) to the person who owned the land, often in the form of what was produced on the farm, such as butter, meat or bread. Hunting and fishing were also important for the peasants. In many parts of the country, particularly in the North, they paid tax in the form of animal skins. Many men from all different social classes also became soldiers. All nobles had obligation to set up the kingdom defense with weapons, armor and horse. The nobles who were closest to the king was the Knights. On some occasions the King chose to dub nobles knights, such when he took over as king or when he married.
All adult males were required to set up to the country’s defense if needed. On war threatened the men lit beacon fires (“vårdkasar”) and a fireycross (“budkavel”) was passed around to tell everyone to join. Peasants, nobles, knights, and of King employees soldiers gathered. All went to battle against the enemy. To leave their home to go to war could not have been particularly easy. They knew enough the risk would be they would come home again mutilated, or not at all, was quite big.”
Feudalism was also in Sweden.
“Feudalism means that society is designed as a pyramid where all controlled by a system of services- and reciprocity. A person, perhaps the king, make a large piece of land but do not have enough with resources to defend it. Then he lend (“förläna”) a piece of the area to a another man who has the resources but no soil. The man then called vassal and has obligation to help their king if it becomes civil unrest or war. The Vasall get all proceeds from the earth, that is, farmers who live and work the land had to pay their taxes to the vassals. The Vasall may also announce his own vassals.
At the bottom is the farmers who carry the system financially. The farmers produced foods that supported all. They stood in a dependence relative to those who owned the land. In order to cultivate the land, they must pay an interest rate that could be paid either by work (day labor), in products or in money. They are serfs, ie, according to law forced to stay on the estate where they were born. The system became unstable after more vassall’s became involved. Moreover, it became often rebellion among the serfs. In Sweden feudalism not as strongly pronounced as in other Western and Central Europe. Although peasants stood in a dependent relationship to the landlords and were forced to pay rate or tax, managed to landowners never have the same control over society as elsewhere in Europe.”
“Knut Eriksson, born in the late 1140’s, death in 1195 or 1196, King of Sweden from 1167, son of Erik the Saint and Kristina Bjornsdatter of Denmark.”
Back then there were one king for each area and not one king for the whole country.
“In the time that followed, Sweden was a state of civil war with three kings fighting each other. On one side was brothers Kol Sverkersson and Burislev Sverkersson and on the other side Knut Eriksson. The first represented the Sverker’s (“Sverkerætten”) with support from Denmark. Knut Eriksson came back to the Kingdom in 1167 and according to Vestgøtalovens King List (“Västgötalagens Kungalista”) ambushed and killed him King Karl Sverkersson on Visingsö island. According to Wikipedia Knut managed to overcome and kill their opponents during the winter 1172- 1173 and became the undisputed ruler of Sweden at the age of 23 years.”
“Knut was married to an unknown Swedish woman, and about her family is known only that she had a brother named Knut. Via a papal letter of 1193 is preserved in the transcript we know that she is under a life-threatening illness took a abstinence pledge and entered the convent after have recovered. King Knut searched later Pope that she was freed from her promise. They had the following children:
1.Jon Knutsson, died in 1205 at the Battle of Älgarås
2.Knut Knutsson, died in 1205 at the Battle of Älgarås
3.Joar Knutsson, died in 1205 at the Battle of Älgarås
4.Erik Knutsson, Swedish king
5.Sigrid Knutsdotter, married to Magnus Broka
After his father Karl Sverkersson were killed in 1167 by Knut Eriksson at the Island Visingsö was the three year old Sverker transported to Denmark where he grew up with his mother’s family. By King Knut Eriksson’s death in 1196-1197 he became the minor as king without conflict thanks be Jarl Birger Brosa.”
“Birger Brosa or Birger of Bjälbo (death 9th January 1202 at Visingsö) was Earl of Sweden 1174-1202 and one of the most important and powerful statesmen in Sweden through the ages. Birger Brosa son of Bengt Snivil and once before in 1170 he married King’s daughter Brigida Haraldsdatter, Daughter by King Harald Gille of Norway. Birgitta had previously been married to Magnus Henriksson, who ruled in Uppsala 1160- 1161. Birger Brosa had a lily as a weapon. Name Brosa means, according to Icelandic sources in the 1300s, “the laughing.” He was the most powerful man of his time in Östergötland and owned besides Bjälboättens main farm other farms in Östergötland, Närke and Värmland. It is also likely he had farms in Sörmland where he had certain privileges, so-called “patronatsrett”, Sankt Eskil Church Sörmland, and he was also a great benefactors of Riseberga monastery where Bridget spent her last three years after Birger died. He seems to have been a particularly strong and while stubborn leader who with great political skills to succeed to keep the peace under a long period in Sweden. Characteristic it probably broke out big and bloody power feuds almost immediately after he died.”
The film was Arn sent to Jerusalem, arriving there in 1177, he was lied about sentenced for allegedly committed adultery at 17 years old. Birger Brosa having a farm where Cecilia’s and Arn’s son Magnus is taken care of is a real person. In the movie is Birger Brosa Arn’s oncle, but that is pure fiction. Birger Brosa was a jarl, but not related to the Arn caracter.
In the movie the Arn caracter fought Saladin in the valley in 1187.
If we look at Arn the years he got his horse he could not have been more than 10-12 years old and the horse was already an adult. Horses live normally until they are about 20 to 30 years old. As with dogs are also physically small horses on average significantly older than physically large horses, but you do not know why this is so. Chamsiin was a big horse, so In 1199 he must have been apporximately 30 years old or more. Rather old for a horse to walk and fight in the dessert.
It really means that Chamsiin mostly went on overtime when he was killed when Arn saved the Saracenic Bedouins.
It is historically totally wrong women in society this age of time that a woman know how to read and write and on top of it Latin. It was a knowledge that was reserved for men. Latin was a sacred language viewed not for women. Here they missed the real historical materials as far as I know. Actually latin was for munks.