Annelie on asthma, humor, and the world.

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Hva er astma? What is Asthma?

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(Scroll down for English)

Hva er egentlig astma for noe?

En liten kjapp lesning på legevakthåndboken så finner man dette:

“Anfallsvis opptredende obstruksjon av luftstrømmen i små og store luftveier. Symptomene skyldes redusert luftveiskaliber som følge av spasmer i bronkienes glatte muskulatur, slimhinneødem og/eller økt bronkial sekresjon. Etiologien er ufullstendig kjent, men både arv og miljøfaktorer spiller en rolle. Enkelte har allergi (mugg, midd, dyrehår, pollen) og har nytte av allergimedisiner (særlig barn og unge). Uspesifikk bronkial hyperreaktivitet er vanlig (bronkokonstriksjon ved eksposisjon for stimuli som kulde, tobakksrøyk, parfyme, luftforurensning, fysisk anstrengelse, enkelte medikamenter, luftveisinfeksjoner og emosjonell ubalanse). Både pasienter, pårørende og leger undervurderer ofte alvorlighetsgraden av akutte astmaanfall. Slik undervurdering kan forsinke livreddende behandling. Alle henvendelser om akutt astma bør tas på alvor med umiddelbart tilsyn av pasient.” Legevakthåndboken

astma-skjermbilde-hva-er-astma

Skjermbilde Beskrivelse av alvorlighetsgrader ved astma. Kilde: lvh.no

Moderat astmaanfall

  • Personen kan snakke normalt.
  • Respirasjonsfrekvens (pustefrekvens)  < 25/minutt
  • Puls < 110/minutt
  • PEF > 50% av forventet eller optimal verdi

Akutt alvorlig astmaanfall

  • For kortpustet til å si en hel setning.
  • Respirasjonsfrekvens (pustefrekvens)  > 25/minutt
  • Puls > 110/minutt
  • PEF < 50% av forventet eller optimal verdi

Livstruende astmaanfall

  • Avtakende eller sparsomme fremmedlyder
  • Cyanose eller kraftløs respirasjonsanstrengelse.
  • Bradykardi eller hypotensjon
  • Utmattelse, forvirring eller bevisstløshet.
  • PEF < 33% av forventet eller optimal verdi.

Les mer  og kilde:
http://www.lvh.no/symptomer_og_sykdommer/nedre_luftveier_og_lunger/obstruktiv_lungesykdom/astma

Hva er astma? What is Asthma?
Asthma – What is?
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Asthma treatment – PEF, Peak flow, Optichamber, asthma medicine
AeronebGo
Optichamber mask + AeronebGo nebulizer
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In English

Really? What is asthma?

A fast read at the Norwegian ER book online one find

“Paroxysmal occurring obstruction of airflow in the large and small airways. The symptoms caused by reduced airway caliber caused by spasms in the bronchial smooth musculature, mucosal edema and / or increased bronchial secretion. The etiology is incomplete known, but both genetic and environmental factors play a role. Some people have allergies (mold, mites, animal hair, pollen) and benefit from allergy medications (particularly young people). Non-specific bronchial hyperresponsiveness is common (bronchoconstriction by exposure to stimuli such as cold, tobacco smoke, fragrance, air pollution, physical exertion, certain drugs, respiratory infections and emotional imbalance). Both patients, families and physicians often underestimate the severity of acute asthma attacks. Such underestimation can delay life-saving treatment. All inquiries about acute asthma should be taken seriously with immediate supervision of the patient.” Norwegian Casualty handbook Legevakthåndboken

Moderate asthma attacks

  • The person can talk normally.
  • Respiratory (breathing rate) 50% predicted or optimal value
  • Pulse < 100/minute
  • PEF > 50% of predicted or optimal value

Acute severe asthma attacks

  • Too short of breath to say a whole sentence.
  • Respiratory (breathing rate)> 25 / minute
  • Pulse > 110 / minute
  • PEF <50% predicted or optimal value

Life-threatening asthma attacks

  • Decreasing or sparse strange noises
  • cyanosis or powerless effort breathing.
  • bradycardia or hypotension
  • Fatigue, confusion or unconsciousness.
  • PEF <33% of predicted or optimal value.

read more and source (Norwegian site):
http://www.lvh.no/symptomer_og_sykdommer/nedre_luftveier_og_lunger/obstruktiv_lungesykdom/astma

Hva er astma? What is Asthma?
Asthma – What is?
Educational image on asthma
Asthma treatment – PEF, Peak flow, Optichamber, asthma medicine
AeronebGo
Optichamber mask + AeronebGo nebulizer
Optichamber Inhalation chamber and how to make best use of your medicine

Author: Annelie

I like canoeing, photographing, friends, movies, food, humor, and going on trips. I dislike rudeness, dishonesty, violence, nastyness, and people not caring for others. I do not drink much, I do not smoke and I do not do drugs. I love friends who are kind to me and stick with me. If you want to give me a gift, the best gift is to stop smoking and stop using fragranced products. Then you give me health and that dear friend, is the best gift a person can get. It is a gift of love. I got asthma and I am hearing disabled.

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